Cosmetic surgery is any elective procedure designed to improve the body’s appearance. Cosmetic procedures are performed by licensed cosmetic surgeons specially trained to perform such surgeries.
There are two common cosmetic surgery procedures designed to sculpt and tighten the body.
Liposuction is performed to remove unwanted body fat and improve the body’s shape. During liposuction, small incisions are made where subcutaneous fat is to be removed. The doctor inserts a narrow tube called a cannula through the incision. Depending upon the technique used, the cannula may contain a laser or an ultrasonic generator to liquefy fat for easier removal, or the doctor may just use the cannula itself as a shaping tool. The cannula is connected to a vacuum that extracts the fat from the body. As the fat is removed, narrow tunnels are created underneath the skin. As these tunnels shrink and heal, the body takes on a new shape.
A tummy tuck is another type of cosmetic surgery designed to remove excess skin from the abdomen. In this procedure an incision is made from hip bone to hip bone low on the waist just above the pubic hair level. Next, the surgeon will manipulate and shape the skin and muscles as needed. This treatment requires the relocation of the belly button because of the connection between it and the surrounding tissue. Partial or mini-abdominoplasty more closely targets smaller locations in the affected area. They are usually performed below the belly button and do not require its relocation.
Patients who are in good overall health are good candidates for surgery. Plastic surgery is not a replacement for a healthy lifestyle including diet and exercise. But for areas of the body that are resistant to diet changes and exercise, cosmetic surgery can provide the desired results. Before choosing any cosmetic procedure, the risks, costs, and potential benefits should be considered carefully.