As with all surgery, there are certain risks and side effects that are associated with liposuction. A skilled surgeon can manage these risks and minimize side effects before, during, and after surgery.
Certain post-surgery liposuction side effects are common, like bruising, swelling and numbness. These effects are temporary and will resolve within a few weeks. Irregularities of the skin are possible after liposuction, but the use of microcannulas during tumescent liposuction minimizes this possibility. Microcannulas reduce the risk of noticeable irregularities.
One of the ways the surgeon can minimize bruising and swelling is by using the tumescent liposuction technique. Following this type of lipo, the open drainage of incisions reduces the amount of bruising and swelling. Bruising will disappear in most patients within one to two weeks. Open incisions encourage draining, which further reduces swelling.
Most swelling will resolve in 2-3 weeks after liposuction provided that the incisions are left open to drain and compression garments are worn. When incisions are closed with stitches, tumescent fluid is trapped under the skin and swelling persists for 8 to 12 weeks. If ultrasonic assisted liposuction is used, significant swelling can persist for several months.
Irregularities of the skin are one of the potential liposuction side effects. Irregular or bumpy skin can be a result of liposuction being repeated on the same body part multiple times. Scar tissue can form under the skin and it makes it harder to penetrate the fat and sculpt the body. The best way to avoid irregular skin following liposuction is to find a highly skilled surgeon to do the procedure correctly the first time. Revision liposuction is much more complicated and costly.
Some discomfort may occur after liposuction. This can be relieved with pain medication prescribed by your doctor.
Liposuction side effects are generally minor and can be managed with certain techniques used by the surgeon. In addition to side effects, liposuction comes with some risks that should be reviewed before undergoing surgery.